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Self-determination as factor for LON

posted Oct 30, 2010 13:46:46 by khookymonster
Self-determination was one of the reasons for the establishment of the League of Nations. It meant the right of a county to decide who should rule them. Woodrow Wilson wanted to give minority groups self-determination as he believed that strong feeling of nationalism was one of the factors that had contributed to WW1.  So at Versailles, in the various treaties signed with the different defeated countries, territories were taken away from Germany, Austria and Russia, and given self-rule. For example, Italy’s frontier was adjusted to include non-Turkish people from Austria-Hungary and the Turkish empire. In addition, Czechoslovakia and Armenia were established. Based on the principles of democracy, Wilson believed that these minority groups should have the opportunity to be independent and deserved to have their own states. Thus, the map of Europe was redrawn to fulfill his aim that came with the establishment of the League.
Another reason for the League of Nations was collective security. Wilson wanted this idea to be formed so that it could prevent the outbreak of another war by applying the concept of collective security and a set of international laws that would help to resolve conflicts through peaceful measures rather than use of force or military methods.  One of the League’s tasks was to enforce world disarmament, beginning with the military restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles on Germany.  The size of the German army and navy was reduced and she was not allowed to have tanks, submarines and an airforce.  The rationale is that, with these military restrictions, Germany could never again threaten the peace of Europe again and this would help to safeguard world peace. Hence, with collective security, it would be aimed to resolve international problems through negotiation, arms reduction and, as a last resort, to use force against countries that committed acts of aggressions against others.
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5 replies
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khookymonster said Oct 30, 2010 13:52:14
Another reason for the League of Nations was collective security. Wilson wanted this idea to be formed so that it could prevent the outbreak of another war by applying the concept of collective security and a set of international laws that would help to resolve conflicts through peaceful measures rather than use of force or military methods.  One of the League’s tasks was to enforce world disarmament, beginning with the military restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles on Germany.  The size of the German army and navy was reduced and she was not allowed to have tanks, submarines and an airforce.  The rationale is that, with these military restrictions, Germany could never again threaten the peace of Europe again and this would help to safeguard world peace. Hence, with collective security, it would be aimed to resolve international problems through negotiation, arms reduction and, as a last resort, to use force against countries that committed acts of aggressions against others.
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khookymonster said Oct 30, 2010 13:53:07
Another reason for the League of Nations was social improvement. Several committees were created to carry out the social aims of the League. Some examples were the International Labour Organisation, the Mandates commission and the minorities commission, which worked to improve the welfare of workers, people living in colonies and minorities. For instance, the Health Commission could help to reduce the spread of contagious diseases through international vaccination programmes which would lead to less death. The League would also help to reduce the smuggling of cheap labour, opium and dangerous chemicals across international border. Thus, by enhancing the quality of life and living conditions of the people, this would help to improve the standard of living of all people. Therefore, if the people were satisfied, they would not be driven to support extreme parties to destabilize established government.
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khookymonster said Oct 30, 2010 13:53:42
Another reason for the League of Nations was collective security. Wilson wanted this idea to be formed so that it could prevent the outbreak of another war by applying the concept of collective security and a set of international laws that would help to resolve conflicts through peaceful measures rather than use of force or military methods.  One of the League’s tasks was to enforce world disarmament, beginning with the military restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles on Germany.  The size of the German army and navy was reduced and she was not allowed to have tanks, submarines and an airforce.  The rationale is that, with these military restrictions, Germany could never again threaten the peace of Europe again and this would help to safeguard world peace. Hence, with collective security, it would be aimed to resolve international problems through negotiation, arms reduction and, as a last resort, to use force against countries that committed acts of aggressions against others.
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Natdanai said Oct 30, 2010 15:01:44
This's great! hahaha
Memorize this and pray that it will come out.
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hendrikboerner said Oct 31, 2010 03:05:55
i actually rather it doesn't come out. hopefully they ask about the justification of TOV and some 3 factor question.
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